For most people, gadgets like smart phones and wearables are nothing more than the magical little machines that make it easier to do things like Facebook-stalk an ex in that Monday morning meeting. However, they probably don’t know who invented the first smart watch or the person who paved the way for “smart refrigerators” that can tell you when you’re out of milk。对于大多数人来说,像智能手机和便携式计算机这样的小玩意只是一些神秘的小电器,它们能为人们获取便捷,比如让你在周一的会议上用脸书网人肉搜寻前任的踪迹。可是,人们大约并不知道是谁发明者了第一款电子手表,也不告诉谁为能告诉他你什么时候没有牛奶了的“智能冰箱”发明者铺平了路。

Many of the world’s biggest inventions that have made life possible and transformed entire industries came from the minds of overlooked and underrated geniuses. Meet the men and women who’ve shaped our reliance on and expectations for technology, but aren’t as widely known as they should be。世界上有许多最最出色的发明者,它们为我们构建了新的生活方式,革新了整个工业系统,而它们却都是源自一些被众人忽视,怀才不遇的天才头脑。理解一下这些天才吧,是他们促生了我们对科技的倚赖和希望,他们本不应名声斐然,却鲜为人知。

1.Bertha Benz, Mother of Motoring (1849-1944) 贝尔塔-本茨 汽车之母Bertha Benz was the trailblazing wife of the German engineer, Karl Benz, credited today with inventing the first modern car. Karl was apparently a genius engineer, but he didn’t have the same business acumen or vision as his wife (he didn’t even think to fit the vehicle with a fuel tank)。贝尔塔-本茨是德国机械师卡尔·本茨的妻子,她是名具备开拓精神的女子,她为第一辆现代汽车的发明者做到了极大的贡献。她的丈夫卡尔显然是个天才的机械师,但他却不如妻子那样具备商业头脑和企图心(他甚至没想到在汽车固定式上油箱。)2. Florence Parpart, Creator of The Modern Refrigerator (Early 20th Century) 佛罗伦萨-帕帕特,现代冰箱的发明者In 1914, Florence Parpart – a housewife from New Jersey – won a patent for the first modern refrigerator that used electricity, rendering the icebox obsolete. It is believed that she may have used her fiancé’s expertise in electrical circuitry to assist with the first prototype。


在1914年,佛罗伦萨-帕帕特——一位来自美国新泽西的家庭妇女——为自己的发明者取得了一项专利,她发明者了第一台电力抗拒的现代冰箱,出局了冷藏库。人们坚信她在研制第一代冰箱原型的时候一定利用了她的未婚夫在电路上的专业优势。3. Marie Van Brittan Brown, Home Security Siren (1922-1999)玛丽-范-布里坦-布朗,家用安保系统As a nurse who worked odd hours, she was concerned about the recent uptick in crime and wanted to easily identify visitors at the door。


作为一名上班时间不相同的护士,玛丽对当时犯罪率的大大下降深感担忧,她期望需要在家门口就能分辨到访的人否安全性。She and husband Albert Brown, an electronics technician, devised a mechanism featuring four peep holes and a motorized camera, which could slide up and down to look out each one. The surveillance device also gave a homeowner the ability to unlock the door with a remote control, or press a button to alert a nearby neighbor or security firm。她和作为电子机械师的丈夫艾伯特·布朗发明者了一种机械,这种机械配有四个监控口,还有一个可活动的摄像头,摄像头可以上下移动,观测四个监控口中的情况。

这种监控设备还能让家中主人遥控门口,或者感受到按钮向周围一家人或安全性公司收到警告。Patented in 1969, the Browns’ invention is now the framework for modern home security, crime prevention, and traffic monitoring。设备在1969年取得了专利,布朗的这项发明者沦为了现代家庭安保设备,社会预防犯罪设施,交通监控设施以求发展的基本架构。


4. Edward Thorp, Father of Wearable Computing 爱德华-索普,可穿着式电脑之父MIT mathematics professor and hedge fund manager Edward Thorp loved beating the odds so much that in 1961 he invented the world’s first wearable computer to help him win at casinos。麻省理工大学的数学教授和对冲基金经理——爱德华-索普讨厌战胜艰难,早已在1961年,他发明者了世界上第一台可穿着式电脑,协助他在赌场里赢钱。Thorp and his co-conspirator, professor Claude Shannon, who had worked on cryptography and code-breaking during World War II, created what is widely regarded as the first wearable computer。索普和自己的合作者——在二战时期致力于密码撰写和破解的涉及研究的克劳德-香农联合发明者了被普遍认为为世界上第一台的可穿着式电脑。